# What Is Viscosity Of Water?

28 September 2022

It is the resistance to flow because the resistance to flow of water is high than the resistance to flow of honey because water can flow quickly as compare to honey as honey has less flow which is why the viscosity of honey is considered high than water, this is how we can say that the viscosity of water is lower than honey.

The unit of liquid viscosity is Pascal second. As the temperature decreases the viscosity of water increases. There are some important properties of water which we need to consider here to understand more the viscosity of water.

• Water is considered as incompressible but it differs in different conditions.
• As the pure water has less conductivity but it can be enhanced by adding some ionic substance like sodium chloride.
• By running the electric current through the water, this is how; the components of water can be divided into hydrogen and carbon. That is why this process is known as the electrolysis.
• Hydrogen is taken out from the water by using the metallic elements such as sodium, potassium and caesium. These are the elements which make hydroxide by mixing with water and releases hydrogen in this whole process.
• The water molecule forms the 104.5 degree angle when hydrogen mixes with the oxygen atoms.

## What Is Kinematic Viscosity?

It is considered as the absolute viscosity of liquid and it is divided by its density by keeping the same temperature at this time. It is internal resistance of fluid to flow under the control of gravitational forces. Kinematic viscosity is fixed by measuring the time in seconds. It requires the fix volume to flow the with the help of capillary in viscometer in a limited temperature. The value we find in this process is converted in some other standard units like centistoke. It is only considered valid when you consider the temperature at which it was conducted.

The viscosity of oil is more than liquid. Viscosity can be considered in ways the first one is kinematic and the second is dynamic viscosity. Most oil industries record the viscosity rate. The analysis of viscosity is coupled with the oil viscosity oil analysis. This is very important in oil industries as most oil analyst know the importance of the oil viscosity analysis. Oil analyst use oil viscosity analysis to understand the difference between kinematic viscosity and dynamic viscosity.

Viscosity is sometimes stated as thickness of liquid or water. This is how we can say that highly viscous liquid would be thick like oil and less viscous liquid would be considered as thin like water.

## What Are The Types Of Viscosity?

It is known as the fluids capacity of resistance to flow. The concept of viscosity is mostly used in oil industries to record the viscosity of liquid. Let us have a look at types of viscosity.

• Dynamic viscosity
• Kinetic viscosity
• Relative viscosity
• Extensional viscosity

Let us have detailed understanding on it.

• Dynamic viscosity: it is the measurement of the liquids internal force of flow.
• Kinematic viscosity: It is the ratio of dynamic viscosity in which we need to measure the viscosity of liquid in motion.
• Steady shear viscosity: In this, we understand the relationship between viscosities and shear rate.
• Relative viscosity: It is the ratio of viscosity solution and viscosity of solvent, both make it as relative viscosity.
• Extensional viscosity: It is the resistance of liquids to extensional flow which tell us the extensional viscosity rate of fluids.

## What Is The Kinematic Viscosity Of Water?

It gives us the information about the force needed to flow the liquid and here kinematic viscosity tells us the rate of movement of the liquids after giving the certain force.

## What Is The Importance Of Viscosities?

Dynamic viscosity helps us in understanding the mechanical pressure of molecule whereas kinematic viscosity tells us the liquids motion. This is how we understand that dynamic velocity states the resistance to flow.

Kinematic standard is used in oil industries to record the flow of the liquids which known as the viscosity rate.

Apart from this, extensional viscosity is being used at the greater scale and extensional viscosity and shear viscosity both are applied in some industries such as paint rolling, inkjet printing, oil recovery and food processing industries.

Nowadays there are multiple viscometers are available through which most industries measure the viscosity of the liquids.

## Why Is Viscosity An Intensive Property?

Basically there are three measurements found viscosity extensive property. These are known as viscosity, temperature and density because they do not have any size and quantity that is why they are known as intensive property. In other words, we can say that these do not on the mass of any system that means they do not have any limit as such.

## How Does Viscosity Affect Food Industries?

Most food processing industries need to apply the concept of viscosity to check the food quality. With the help of viscosity, liquid industries try to understand the internal friction. Most people call the low viscosity material as thin or water like solution whereas the liquids which are high in viscosity are known as thick in nature.

With the help of viscosity, liquid food producers understand the texture of food which gives them an idea as to how they can improve the quality of food.

As temperature has great impact on viscosity of liquids because as we increase the temperature the viscosity of liquid gets decreased. The measurement of viscosity is usual in oil industry, tomato ketchup industry, jam industries and many others to manage to quality of liquid food.

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